Research on SNOO

SNOO Smart Sleeper is a responsive bassinet that calms fussy infants and improves sleep using womb-like sensations and safe swaddling that secures babies in a supine position.

Gellasch, P. (2022, September 14-17). New Technologies to Support Nurses During the Pandemic: Can a Responsive Bassinet Reduce Nursing Burden and Improve Clinician Experience? [Conference Poster]. National Association of Neonatal Nurses 2022 Conference, Las Vegas, NV, United States.

Gellasch, P., Johnson, S., Walsh, T. A. (2023). The Experiences and Perceptions of Neonatal Clinicians When Using a Responsive Bassinet. Advances in Neonatal Care, July 6, 2023; doi:10.1097/ANC.0000000000001086.

Gellasch, P., Walsh, T. A., & Geiger, S. (2023). A Descriptive Evaluation of Time Savings and Work Experience Among Neonatal Clinicians When Using a Responsive Bassinet. Journal of Neonatal Nursing, April 2023; doi:10.1016/j.jnn.2023.03.001.

Jensen, R. & Cochran, J. (2020, September 22-23). Grandparents Use of a Responsive Bassinette (SNOO) As in Home Care for an Infant with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Case Series [Conference Poster]. West Virginia Clinical & Translational Science Institute 2020 Conference, Morgantown, WV, United States.

*Karp, H. & Balasubramanian, S. (2022, March 11-16). A Comparison of SIDS/SUID Behavioral Risk Among Users of a Responsive Bassinet [Conference Poster Abstract]. 16th World Sleep Congress, Rome, Italy. Sleep Medicine. 2022;100(S1):S191.

Karp, H. (2022, March 11-16). Evaluation of a Womb-like Sensory Intervention to Improve Infant Sleep [Conference Poster Abstract]. 16th World Sleep Congress, Rome, Italy. Sleep Medicine. 2022;100(S1):S195.

*Luo, S. & Pariser-Schmidt, M. (2023, June 26-27). NICU Nurse Experiences and Perceived Time Savings Using SNOO in the Care of Infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome [Conference Poster]. UT Health San Antonio 8th Annual NAS Symposium, Corpus Christi, TX, United States.

**Lysaught, S., Erickson, L., Marshall, J. A., & Feldman, K. (2022). The Sssh’s: Snoo Smart Sleeper Use in Post-Operative Infants with Congenital Heart Disease [Poster]. Research at Children's Mercy Month 2022, Kansas City, MO.

Möller, E., De Vente, W., & Rodenburg, R. (2019). Infant Crying and the Calming Response: Parental Versus Mechanical Soothing Using Swaddling, Sound, And Movement. PLoS ONE, 14(4): e0214548. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0214548.

*Okun, M., Feliciano, L., Karp, H., & Lindsay, K. (2021). 759 Sleep and Mental Health in New Mothers with a History of Depression: Preliminary Data from Late Pregnancy to 1-month Postpartum [Abstract]. SLEEP, May 2021, 44(S2):A296, doi:10.1093/sleep/zsab072.756.

Okun, M., Karp, H., & Balasubramanian, S. (2020). 0978 Snoo: A Wellness Device To Improve Infant Sleep [Abstract]. SLEEP, April 2020, 43(S1):A371-A372, doi:10.1093/sleep/zsaa056.974.

*Ponder, K. L., Egesdal, C., Kuller, J., & Joe, P. (2021). Project Console: A Quality Improvement Initiative for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in a Children’s Hospital Level IV Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. BMJ Open Quality, May 2021;10(2):e001079. doi:10.1136/bmjoq-2020-001079.

*Quin, N., Tikotzky, L., Astbury, L., Stafford, L., Fisher, J., Wiley, J., & Bei, B. (2022). 0474 Three-arm Randomised Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia, a Responsive Bassinet, and Sleep Hygiene for Preventing Postpartum Insomnia: Preliminary Findings on Maternal Insomnia and Sleep Outcomes [Abstract]. SLEEP, June 2022, 45(S1):A210, doi:10.1093/sleep/zsac079.471.

*Quin, N., Tikotzky, L., Stafford, L., Fisher, J., & Bei, B. (2022). Preventing Postpartum Insomnia by
Targeting Maternal Versus Infant Sleep: A Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial (The Study for Mother- Infant Sleep “SMILE”). Sleep Advances, 3(1), doi:10.1093/sleepadvances/zpab020.

Romano, D., & Katz, D. (2021, July 7-11). Case Study: Use of a Responsive Bassinet to Improve Sleep Outcomes Among New Parent Clinicians During COVID-19 [Conference Poster]. Postpartum Support International 34th Annual Conference, Virtual.

*The SNOO has not been demonstrated, and is not intended, to diagnose, cure, or prevent specific diseases of medical conditions. This webpage is for education and information purposes only and is not intended to promote the SNOO for uses not described in the instruction for use. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional prior to using the device for any use not described in the instructions for use.

**The SNOO is intended to facilitate a supine position during sleep. Infants who are placed in a supine sleep position are at a lower risk of SIDS/SUID. The device is intended for home use by caregivers of infants from birth to 6 months of age, who are not yet able to roll over consistently.

Research on the 5 S's

The 5 S's is a framework of five techniques to soothe babies and promote sleep by imitating womb-like sensations. The 5 S's are: swaddling, side-stomach positioning, shushing, swinging, and sucking.

Anzman-Frasca, S., Paul, I. M., Moding, K. J., Savage, J. S., Hohman, E. E., & Birch, L. L. (2018). Effects of the INSIGHT Obesity Preventive Intervention on Reported and Observed Infant Temperament. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 2018 Dec;39(9):736-743. doi:10.1097/DBP.0000000000000597.

Anzman-Frasca, S., Stifter, C. A., Paul, I. M., & Birch, L. L. (2014). Negative Temperament as a Moderator of Intervention Effects in Infancy: Testing a Differential Susceptibility Model. Prevention Science, 2014 15:643-653. doi:10.1007/s11121-013-0408-4.

Botha, E., Helminen, M., Kaunonen, M., Lubbe, W., & Joronen, K. (2020). The Effects of an Infant Calming Intervention on Mothers' Parenting Self-Efficacy and Satisfaction During the Postpartum Period: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing, Oct/Dec 2020;34(4):300-310, doi:10.1097/JPN.0000000000000510.

Dönmez, Ö. & Bayik Temel, A. (2019). Effect of Soothing Techniques on Infants’ Self-Regulation Behaviors (Sleeping, Crying, Feeding): A Randomized Controlled Study. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, Oct 2019;16(4):407-419. doi:10.1111/jjns.12250.

Harrington, J. W., Logan, S., Harwell, C., Gardner, J., Swingle, J., McGuire, E., & Santos, R. (2012). Effective Analgesia Using Physical Interventions for Infant Immunizations. Pediatrics, May 2012;129(5):815-22. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-1607.

Hohman, E. E., Savage, J. S., Marini, M. E., Anzman-Frasca, S., Buxton, O. M., Loken, E., & Paul, I. A. (2022). Effect of the INSIGHT Firstborn Parenting Intervention on Secondborn Sleep. Pediatrics, July 2022;150(1):e2021055244. doi:10.1542/peds.2021-055244.

Lavner, J. A., Hohman, E. E., Beach, S. R. H., Stansfield, B. K., & Savage, J. S. (2023). Effects of a Responsive Parenting Intervention Among Black Families on Infant Sleep. JAMA Network Open, 6(3). doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.6276.

Martiningsih, W. & Setijaningsih, T. (2015). The Effect of Physical Intervention 5's (Swaddling, Side-Stomach, Shushing, Swinging, Sucking) Toward Pain and The Duration of Crying in Infants With DPT Immunization. Malaysian Journal of Nursing, 7(1):38-42.

Parga, J., Bhatt, R., Kesavan, K., Sim, M. S., Karp, H., Harper, R., & Zeltzer, L. (2017). A Prospective Observational Cohort Study of Exposure to Womb-Like Sounds to Stabilize Breathing And Cardiovascular Patterns in Preterm Neonates. Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 31:17,2245-2251, doi:10.1080/14767058.2017.1339269.

Paul, I. M., Savage, J. S., Anzman-Frasca, S., Beiler, J. S., Marini, M. E., Stokes, J. L., & Birch, L. L. (2010). Preventing Obesity During Infancy: A Pilot Study. Obesity (Silver Spring), 2011 Feb;19(2):353-61. doi:10.1038/oby.2010.182.

Paul, I. M., Savage, J. S., Anzman-Frasca, S., Marini, M. E., Mindell, J., & Birch, L. (2016). INSIGHT Responsive Parenting Intervention and Infant Sleep. Pediatrics, Jul 2016;138(1): e20160762. doi:10.1542/peds.2016-0762.

Paul, I. M., Savage, J. S., Anzman-Frasca, S., Marini, M. E., Beiler, J. S., Hess, L. B., Loken, E., & Birch L. L. (2018). Effect of a Responsive Parenting Educational Intervention on Childhood Weight Outcomes at 3 Years of Age: The INSIGHT Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA, 2018 Aug 7;320(5):461-468. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9432.

Savage, J. S., Birch, L. L., Marini, M. E., Anzman-Frasca, S., & Paul, I. M. (2016). Effect of the INSIGHT Responsive Parenting Intervention on Rapid Infant Weight Gain and Overweight Status at Age 1 Year: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatrics, 2016;170(8):742–749. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0445.